ABCP – Army Body Composition Program

Introduction to Army Combat Fitness Test ACFT

The United States Army has introduced the Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) to replace the previous Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). This new test aims to thoroughly evaluate a soldier’s overall physical readiness, emphasizing strength, power, agility, and endurance.

ACFT Calculator

Gender Age

Maximum Deadlift (lbs.)

lbs. points

Standing Power Throw (m)

m points

Hand-Release Push-Ups (reps)

reps points

Sprint Drag Carry (m:s)

m s points

Plank (m:s)

m s points

2 Mile Run (m:s)

m s points

The ACFT comprises six events strategically designed to gauge various aspects of a soldier’s physical capabilities. These include the three-repetition maximum deadlift, standing power throw, hand-release push-ups, sprint-drag-carry, leg tuck, and a two-mile run. Each event simulates combat or operational scenarios, ensuring a comprehensive assessment of a soldier’s fitness.

Unlike the APFT, the ACFT is a gender-neutral test, establishing the same standards for all soldiers. The three-repetition maximum deadlift is a notable addition, assessing a soldier’s crucial strength for tasks like casualty extraction. The standing power throw evaluates explosive power, essential for activities like grenade throws or pushing objects away.

Hand-release push-ups test upper body strength, while the sprint-drag-carry event assesses speed, agility, and anaerobic endurance. The leg tuck focuses on core and upper body strength, mimicking obstacle climbing. The two-mile run, similar to the APFT, measures cardiovascular endurance but now takes place on a flat track.

In summary, the ACFT is a comprehensive and challenging fitness test that aligns with the evolving nature of warfare. It ensures soldiers are physically prepared for modern combat, featuring gender-neutral standards and events mirroring real-world demands.

Standards and Requirements for the ACFT

The Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) serves as a comprehensive assessment of soldiers’ physical fitness and combat readiness. Replacing the previous Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT), the ACFT comprises six challenging events that target muscular strength, endurance, and power. To successfully pass the ACFT, soldiers must meet specific standards and requirements set by the Army.

  1. Deadlift: Soldiers must lift a weighted barbell from the ground to a standing position. The minimum requirement is 140 pounds for males and 120 pounds for females.
  2. Standing Power Throw: This event assesses upper body power by requiring soldiers to throw a 10-pound medicine ball at least 4.5 meters away.
  3. Hand-Release Push-Up: Soldiers must perform 10 repetitions of hand-release push-ups to evaluate upper body muscular endurance.
  4. Sprint-Drag-Carry: A test of muscular strength, endurance, and cardiovascular fitness, soldiers must complete the event in 2 minutes and 45 seconds.
  5. Leg Tuck: Soldiers must perform one repetition, hanging from a bar and bringing their knees up to touch their elbows.
  6. Two-Mile Run: Completion time varies based on age and gender, generally ranging from 17 minutes and 30 seconds to 21 minutes.

Soldiers are encouraged to exceed these minimum standards, fostering greater physical fitness and combat readiness. It’s crucial to note that each event must be passed individually for overall ACFT success.

The ACFT is a challenging assessment aligning with the physical demands of combat, ensuring soldiers contribute effectively to the Army’s mission. Meeting and surpassing these standards enhances overall readiness and supports the Army’s effectiveness.

The Army Body Composition Program (ABCP)

The Army Body Composition Program (ABCP) is a comprehensive initiative ensuring soldiers meet the Army’s body fat standards. This program promotes physical fitness, combat readiness, and overall health.

Based on body composition, considering the ratio of body fat to lean body mass, the ABCP utilizes height and weight standards and the Body Mass Index (BMI) calculation. The program applies universally, establishing specific body fat percentage standards based on age and gender.

The ABCP involves regular body fat assessments, typically conducted twice a year. Soldiers outside the acceptable body fat percentage range enter the Army Weight Control Program (AWCP). The AWCP provides personalized weight loss plans, physical training, and nutrition counseling.

The ABCP extends beyond numerical targets, emphasizing a holistic approach to health and fitness. It encourages a sustainable, healthy lifestyle throughout soldiers’ military careers and beyond.

Non-compliance with ABCP standards may lead to serious consequences, including potential separation from the Army. Maintaining physical fitness and proper body composition is critical for military readiness.

In conclusion, the Army Body Composition Program plays a vital role in ensuring soldiers meet body fat standards for optimal performance. It offers guidance, support, and resources, promoting a healthy lifestyle and contributing to the Army’s overall success.

Calculations and Assessments in the ABCP

The Army Body Composition Program (ABCP) employs various calculations and assessments to ensure soldiers meet fitness and body composition standards. Key calculations include the Body Mass Index (BMI) and body fat assessments.

The BMI, calculated by dividing weight by the square of height, provides a general indication of weight relative to height. However, it does not consider factors like muscle mass. The tape test, a body fat assessment method, measures body parts to estimate body fat percentage.

Comparing body fat percentage to Army standards determines compliance. Non-compliance may result in enrollment in the Army Weight Control Program (AWCP) for corrective action.

The ABCP recognizes the multifaceted nature of fitness, requiring soldiers to meet physical fitness standards in addition to body composition criteria. These assessments provide a comprehensive view of overall fitness.

In summary, the ABCP combines BMI and body fat assessments to determine body composition. Compliance ensures soldiers maintain fitness levels essential for their military roles.

Updates and Changes to the ACFT and ABCP Army Programs

The Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) and Army Body Composition Program (ABCP) undergo regular updates to remain effective and relevant. Recent changes reflect evolving battlefield needs and advancements in fitness science.

An update to the ACFT introduced the Hand-Release Push-Up, enhancing upper body strength assessment. The Sprint-Drag-Carry event simulates combat tasks, evaluating muscular strength, cardiovascular endurance, and coordination.

The ABCP program focuses on personalized approaches, incorporating education, counseling, and fitness training. The Army Body Fat Calculator (ABFC) provides a more accurate assessment, considering height, neck, waist, and hip measurements.

These updates stem from ongoing research, soldier feedback, and the Army’s commitment to health and fitness. As the Army prioritizes physical readiness, further adaptations to these programs will likely occur to meet evolving needs.

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